Posted on

Case Study: ‘Impossible’ Repair of a 900mm Water Main Flange Leak in an Underground Chamber

A 900mm steel water main leaking in an undeground chamber undergoes repair using Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty

Mission impossible – the repair of a leaking 900mm steel water main flooding an underground chamber in Malaysia

Water escaping from cracks caused by corrosion around a flange on a 900mm steel water main had flooded an underground chamber, leaving a pipe repair to be considered impossible until a determined Malaysia engineering team spent two days on the scene

Case Study Data


Site
Underground water main
Location
Malaysia
Repair Type
Leak repair
Defect
Cracks caused by corrosion on a 900mm steel pipe flange

Products Used


Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty Stick
Fast working epoxy putty for sealing holes and cracks in pipework, filling gaps between joints and high-strength adhesion

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


Heavy corrosion had caused numerous cracks to appear on the 900mm steel pipe around a stub flange. The leak point was located in an underground chamber, which had subsequently filled with water escaping the pipe at high pressure.

Accessing the pipe was difficult even before the flooding of the chamber. A repair clamp could not be fitted because of the flange, and the main was so close to the ground that there was insufficient room for pipe repair tapes or bandages to be wrapped around the pipe.

There was no visible means of isolating the main either, meaning that pressure could not be turned off or reduced. Replacing the damaged section would have involved excavating the chamber and shutting down the main for a prolonged period, something not considered an option by the water company operating the system.

The flooded chamber prior to water being pumped out
As water was removed from the chamber, the scale of the leaks on the main became evident

As a result, repairing the main had been considered impossible. It had been allowed to leak unabated since the problem was discovered, save for a few cursory checks and the pumping out of water when flood levels became dangerously high.

That was until an engineering team arrived on site, accompanied by a technician from Sylmasta, who were determined to formulate either a method for repairing the main or a means of substantially reducing the amount of water being lost.

Before any repair could be attempted, water had to be pumped out of the chamber. Once this had been done, an engineer accessed the pipe and hammered a series of plastic plugs into the larger cracks along the flange.

Water escaping a 900mm underground water main in Malaysia prior to undergoing a Sylmasta repair
An engineer hammered plastic plugs into the significant cracks, reducing the amount of water being lost so that an inspection could take place

The plugs reduced the amount of water escaping from the pipe enough for a proper inspection to take place. The engineer in the chamber then spotted a stopcock a little further along the pipe.

They were able to reach the stopcock, preventing flow into the leak area. With pressure now turned off, it meant that Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty could be used to attempt to permanently seal the cracks in the main.

Superfast Steel has a fast, 10 minute work time and comes in an easy-to-use 114g stick format. A large number of sticks had to be used in the application because of the size of the repair.

Each stick was kneaded by hand. Whilst soft, the putty was pushed into visible holes in the pipe where it hardened, filling the crack. Superfast Steel was also used to seal the flange and as a means of permanently fixing the rubber plugs in place.

An engineer applies Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty Stick to a cracked 900mm steel water main during a repair in Malaysia
Superfast Steel plugged the visible cracks in the pipe and permanently fixed the rubber plugs in place

Because of the diameter of the pipe and the size of the damage area, it took over an hour to apply the necessary Superfast Steel. With flow isolated, it was difficult to tell whether all the leaks in the pipe had been found and sealed.

Even after pressure was restored, it was still hard to identify remaining problem areas. As a result, the maintenance team decided to return 24 hours later to check the effectiveness of the repair.

With the main continuing to leak the following day, further Superfast Steel was used to plug remaining cracks and a valve fitted

Unfortunately, this inspection revealed that the main was again leaking, although nowhere near as seriously as before. There were several small leak areas which had not been suitably arrested the previous day, alongside a larger jet of water escaping from a gap between the flange and the pipe.

Further Superfast Steel was used to seal the smaller leak areas. The epoxy putty was worked into a sausage shape and pushed into the remaining cracks in the pipe.

Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty Stick used to plug holes in a cracked 900mm water main repair
With most of the leaks arrested, the valve funnelled any water still attempting to escape into one area

For the larger leak, the engineering team manager hit upon the idea of fixing a valve in place using more Superfast Steel. The water trying to escape the main would be channelled towards this valve. A tap would be fitted and closed, sealing the pipe shut.

A tap was then fitted, shutting off the valve
Successful repair of a leaking 900mm water main in an underground chamber carried out by Sylmasta
The successful repair

Tapping off the main ended up being a success, much to the delight of the water company and the engineering team. Normally, Sylmasta would recommended reinforcing the epoxy putty with SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage, but that was just not possible in this application.

It may have taken two days, but the ‘impossible’ water main repair had been completed, reducing the levels of water being lost and preventing any further flooding of the chamber.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com

Posted on

Case Study: Magic Corner Kitchen Unit Repair Saves a Client Over £200 in Replacement Costs

A magic corner kitchen unit undergoes repair using Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty after a pin snapped off

Magic repair of a magic corner – Superfast Steel prevents a broken kitchen unit needing a £290 replacement

When a magic corner unit in a Sylmasta client’s kitchen collapsed, they were left facing the prospect of paying £290 for a replacement – until it was decided to attempt a repair using the high-strength bonding properties of Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty.

Case Study Data


Repair Type
High-strength bonding
Defect
Collapsed magic corner kitchen unit

Products Used


Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty Stick
Epoxy putty used for super-strength adhesion between broken pin and unit which had previously been welded in place

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


A magic corner kitchen unit makes use of dead space in corner cupboards which are otherwise hard to access. A slide out mechanism attached to a cabinet door allows items to be easily stored and retrieved from blind corners.

There are several reasons why magic corners can break. Wear and tear is one. Frequent opening and closing of the cupboard and stress on the sliding mechanism will take its toll after many years.

Magic corners will often be overloaded in excess of the weight that the manufacturer recommends they carry. Because they are attached to a cupboard door rather than being a part of the actual unit, overloading can lead to units collapsing and subsequent damage to the door itself.

In this case, the magic corner unit was very old. The client also admitted that they may have overloaded it. Eventually, this led to the magic corner collapsing, detaching it from the kitchen cupboard door.

Upon inspecting the broken corner, the problem was discovered to have been caused by a vital pin on which the mechanism pivoted, breaking away from the frame and causing the detachment.

A replacement magic corner would have cost £290 and required some advanced DIY skills to fit. After consulting Sylmasta to see if a repair was possible, it was decided to attempt to fix the magic corner kitchen unit using Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty.

Superfast Steel is used for filling holes and cracks, restoring surface profile, fabricating new parts and for high-strength bonding between materials. For this particular application, it was Superfast Steel’s adhesive properties that were required.

To use Superfast Steel, the required amount is cut from the 114g stick and kneaded by hand. This causes a chemical reaction to take place between the resin and hardener contained within the stick, and within 10 minute the soft material will have cured into one as hard as steel.

The damaged pin was around 100mm in length and had been welded to the magic corner prior to the collapse. The pin was to be reattached to the unit using Superfast Steel, which would provide a bond as strong as the previous welding.

Completing the reattachment took less than 30 minutes. Within an hour, the putty had fully hardened. The magic corner could be filled with kitchen items again – although the client was careful not to overload it this time.

One Superfast Steel Stick was all that was required for the application . At an outlay of only £10.08 plus postage, the repair represented a huge saving compared to the cost of replacing the magic corner.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com

Posted on

Case Study: 19th Century Lantern Restoration Using Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty

A 19th century lantern restoration undertaken using Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty Stick

Relighting a 19th century lantern – the restoration of a Victorian lamp made possible by Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty

Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty is used in the restoration of a lantern made by famous Birmingham lamp maker Arthur J. Poole and dated to the 1870s or 1880s, returning it to working order so that it could light up spaces as it did in its Victorian heyday.

Case Study Data


Repair Type
Restoration of a 19th century lantern
Defect
Broken candleholder and snapped door latch

Products Used


Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty Stick
Epoxy putty used to formulate new parts and for high-strength adhesion of metal-to-metal and plastic-to-metal

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


Arthur J. Poole manufactured a huge range of candle-lit lanterns, lanterns for police offices, lamps for use on the railways, maritime signal lamps capable of transmitting Morse code, and copper coal buckets from his factory in the heart of Birmingham during the 19th century.

The lantern in question was candle powered, dating it to the 1870s or 1880s before paraffin became more widely used. For an item the best part of 120 years old and which had clearly spent most of its life as a working lantern, it was in remarkably good condition.

There were two areas which needed attention before it could be used once again. The lantern no longer had a latch to close the door in place. Whenever there was a breeze or the device was being transported by its handle, the door would therefore swing open and the candle inside would be extinguished.

Original fitting for holding a candle in place. A new part needed to be made to hold larger, modern day candles

The other problem was that the original candleholder was very small, and not suited to most modern day candles. To overcome this, it was decided to make a round platform that could take tea lights or other larger candles and fix a spike on the bottom that could slot into the existing candleholder.

This was done using Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty. Superfast Steel comes in a pre-formatted 114g stick. The user cuts off the amount of putty required and then mixes it by hand, instigating a chemical reaction between the resin and hardener.

Superfast Steel has a work time of between 5-10 minutes. Whilst soft, it can be shaped and formed as desired. Once cured, it offers super-strength adhesion between different materials and forms a material as hard as steel.

Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty used to fabricate a new part in the restoration of a 19th century lantern
New candleholder fabricated from Superfast Steel. The platform has already been painted black

To create a new candleholder, Superfast Steel was moulded into the required shape to make the platform. Once the platform had cured, the spike was shaped and added. Whilst soft, the spike was pushed into the existing fitting to ensure it was a perfect fit.

The spike easily bonded to the platform, creating a new holder capable of supporting a modern candle inside the lantern and completing part one of the restoration.

The new candleholder enabled the lantern to hold a modern candle in place

To create a new handle for the door, a metal wire was bent into a T-shape by folding a strip in half, then bending the two ends at right angles. It was attached to the door via two plastic tubes which were bonded to the lantern using further Superfast Steel.

When the door was closed, this metal wire could now drop into an existing latch attached to the opposite side of the lantern, locking it in place and preventing the candle from blowing out.

A 19th century lantern that underwent restoration using Superfast Steel Epoxy Putty Stick
The completed restoration

A coating of black paint was added to the wire, the plastic tubing and the Superfast Steel to complete the restoration at a cost of under £15.

The lantern is now lighting up a garden in East Sussex and ready for another 120 years of service. Arthur J. Poole himself would have been impressed.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com

Posted on

Case Study: Snapped Nozzle on a 1500mm Seawater Cooling Line Repair & Reinforcement

A 1500mm line in a seawater cooling system undergoes repair after it began leaking from a broken off nozzle

Keeping it cool – the repair and reinforcement of a leaking 1500mm seawater cooling system supply line

A petrochemical plant in Saudi Arabia needed an urgent repair to the 1500mm main supply line in their seawater cooling system after a nozzle snapped off, leaving a 50mm hole discharging water 5 metres vertically at a pressure of 3 bar.

Case Study Data


Site
Petrochemical plant
Location
Saudi Arabia
Repair Type
Leak repair and reinforcement
Defect
Snapped nozzle in a 1500mm seawater cooling pipe

Products Used


Sylmasta AB Original Epoxy Putty
Epoxy putty used alongside a PTFE plug to fill the 50mm hole left by the snapped nozzle

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage
Composite wrap reinforced the repair and was then applied around the diameter to strengthen the line

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


Seawater cooling systems allow water taken from the sea to be used for the cooling of machinery and other processes in industrial plants and factories.

The petrochemical plant were extracting from the Red Sea. A nozzle on the 1500mm diameter main line supplying the cooling system had snapped off from the flange, causing a jet of pressurised water to shoot 5 metres into the air from a 50mm hole.

An engineer fits the PTFE plug to the leaking line

When this seawater returned to ground, it saturated the surface of the pipe, causing external damage, discolouration, mould to form and a suspected weakening of the line.

Losing so much water also had a serious impact on the efficiency of the system. The plant therefore decided to call in a maintenance team to attempt to fix the problem as a matter of urgency.

The supply line was shut off whilst the repair took place. The application began by securing the hole left in the pipe by the snapped nozzle with a plug made from PTFE.

Sylmasta AB Epoxy Putty used to repair a seawater supply line by fixing a PTFE plug in place
Sylmasta AB Original was used to fix the plug in place, creating a watertight seal

To create a watertight seal around the PTFE plug and fix it in place permanently, the nozzle was then encompassed using Sylmasta AB Original Epoxy Putty.

Sylmasta AB is a smooth-setting putty capable of bonding to all materials, including wet surfaces. It has a two hour work time, allowing more of the putty to be mixed, shaped and applied without premature curing that may have otherwise been caused by the hot Saudi climate.

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage applied to a snapped nozzle in a seawater supply line repair
The plug and AB Original were encompassed with SylWrap HD

Further reinforcement of the plug and the surrounding AB Original was provided by SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage. SylWrap HD is a composite wrap with a water activated resin which sets rock in hard in minutes.

Seven layers of SYL412HD were wrapped and smoothed around the nozzle, creating an impact resistant layer of protection. This completely sealed the hole with a repair pressure resistant up to 30 bar.

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage being applied to a 1500mm seawater supply line
Further SylWrap reinforced the weakened section of pipe around the plug

When the line was put back into operation, the engineers who had carried out the repair noticed during their inspection that the pipe around the nozzle had indeed weakened as suspected.

Although no major leaks were present, the surface could be seen bubbling with air and water. They therefore decided to reinforce the entire area of pipe underneath the nozzle by wrapping the 1500mm diameter with four SYL616HD Pipe Repair Bandages.

Repair and reinforcement of a 1500mm seawater supply line after a nozzle snapped off
The repair was completed in two hours, leaving the line sealed and strengthened

This provided a protective sleeve around the weakened section of the line, strengthening it against potential future breaches and thus extending the lifespan of the pipe.

Completing the repair of the nozzle and the reinforcement of the line took less than two hours, after which the seawater cooling system was able to operate at full capacity once again.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com

Posted on

Fraser & Ellis become London stockists of SylWrap Pipe Repair Kits

Universal Pipe Repair Kits now available to buy in London


Sylmasta are pleased to announce that Battersea-based Fraser & Ellis have become London stockists of the SylWrap Universal Pipe Repair Kit range.

Established as one of the premier plumbing merchants in London for over 100 years, their dedicated and knowledgable staff will be a great addition to the SylWrap family in helping those in the capital with pipe repair applications.

The Universal Pipe Repair Kit enables any user to permanently repair a leaking pipe without the need for any formal training. Full instructions are provided with the Kit for carrying out the two-stage process which is effective on pipes made of copper, steel, iron, PVC plastic, lead and other materials.

A repair begins by using a sealing material to plug the hole in the pipework. When pressure can be turned off, this is done with Superfast Epoxy Putty, which is hand kneaded and applied to damage areas whilst soft. Within 5 to 10 minutes, it will harden to fill the crack.

When pressure cannot be turned off, Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape is instead used. Made from self-amalgamating silicone, it stretches by 300 percent and fuses to form a solid rubber band over a leak area, creating a pressure-resistant repair.

The initial repair is then overwrapped with a SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage. SylWrap HD is a composite wrap with a water activated resin. It sets rock hard in minutes, providing an impact resistant layer of protection which reinforces the repair.

All the products in the Universal Pipe Repair Kit have WRAS approval, meaning that they are certified for safe use with drinking water. The Kit makes pressure resistant repairs up to 30 bar, is temperature resistant to 200ºC, and is effective on pipes carrying hot and cold water and chemicals.

Ample parking is available at Fraser & Ellis’ convenient location near Chelsea Bridge, where they have been based since 2016. For emergency pipe repair enquiries in London, they can be contacted via phone on 020 7228 9999 or email at sales@fraserellis.co.uk. You can also view the Fraser & Ellis website by clicking here.

Universal Kit Case Studies


Posted on

Case Study: Live Leak Pinhole Repair on 150mm Elbow at Pumping House in Malaysia

A SylWrap Live Leak repair made to a pinhole leak on a 6 bar 150mm elbow joint with a pinhole leak

Fixing an elbow – a pumping house in Malaysia stays operational thanks to a SylWrap live leak repair

When a 150mm steel pipe elbow in a Malaysia pumping house developed a pinhole leak through which water was spraying out at 6 bar pressure, the company responsible for the facility turned to Sylmasta for a rapid live leak repair.

Case Study Data


Site
Pumping house
Location
Malaysia
Repair Type
Live leak repair
Defect
Pinhole leak in 150mm steel pipe elbow joint

Products Used


Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape
Self-amalgamating silicone repair tape used to seal the live leak on the elbow joint

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage
Composite repair wrap applied to reinforce the initial repair via an impact resistant protective layer

SylWrap Pipe Repair Contractor Case
Contains enough products to make up to six live leak repairs, now approved for use on Kuala Lumpur’s vast network

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


The steel pipe was an important part of the system at the pumping house, operated by a water company. A pinhole leak had appeared on an elbow joint weakened by corrosion where two sections of metalwork joined together.

Because the leak was on an elbow, a repair clamp could not be fitted. The pipe could not be taken out of operation for repair or replacement due to its importance to operations at the pumping house.

A pinhole leak on an elbow joint in a Malaysia pumping station prior to undergoing a live leak repair
The pinhole was located on an elbow
A pressurised jet of water escaping from a 150mm pipe elbow in a Malaysia pumping station
Pressurised jet of water spraying from the pinhole leak

The water company’s maintenance team therefore used a SylWrap Universal Pipe Repair Kit to carry out a live leak repair which would be effective on the 150mm elbow operating under 6 bar pressure.

Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape was used to seal the pinhole leak in the pipe. Wrap & Seal is made from self-amalgamating silicone. It stretches by 300 percent and fuses to form a solid rubber band over holes and cracks in pipework.

Wrap & Seal Pioe Burst Tape used to repair a pinhole leak on a 150mm pipe elbow in Malaysia
Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape was stretched by its maximum 300 percent
Wrap & Seal successfully sealed the pinhole leak

Once the Tape had successfully sealed the hole in the pipe, it was overwrapped with a SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage. SylWrap HD is a composite wrap with a water activated resin which sets rock hard in minutes.

The Bandage was wrapped around the elbow and smoothed down whilst water from a bucket was poured over it at sporadic intervals. Once cured, SylWrap HD provided an impact resistant shell around the elbow, preventing it from any future leaks or bursts.

Within 30 minutes of the start of the application, the maintenance team had successfully repaired the elbow with no interruption to operations at the pumping house.

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage used to reinforce a repair on a 150mm elbow joint in a Malaysia pumping station
SylWrap HD Bandage was used to reinforce the repair
The repair was completed in less than 30 minutes

Both Wrap & Seal and SylWrap HD are WRAS approved, meaning that they are certified as safe to use on pipes and fittings carrying drinking water according to British Standards.

Numerous other successful pipe repair applications have since been made in Malaysia using Wrap & Seal and SylWrap HD supplied in a SylWrap Pipe Repair Contractor Case.

This has led the Case to be approved by the national supplier in Malaysia for carrying out leak repairs across Kuala Lumpur’s vast pipe network.

Each Contractor Case contains enough products to make up to six live leak repairs on pipes of all diameters and types without the need for any training.

The Case can be easily stored on-the-van, providing a lightweight and more versatile alternative to carrying around heavy, bulky pipe repair clamps.

When leaks and bursts on the water network are identified, a contractor simply has to reach for the Case on their van to repair the problem in under 30 minutes.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com

Posted on

Case Study: Repair of a Leaking 200mm Fuel Oil Line Pressure Resistant to 44 bar in Libya

Sylmasta repair a 200mm underground oil fuel line in Brega, Libya suffering from a crack caused by heavy corrosion

Fuel for thought – a high pressure, high temperature pipe repair keeps an oil line in Libya operating

Heavy corrosion caused a small crack to appear in a 200mm fuel oil line buried underground in Libya, leaving the pipe requiring a repair that could withstand pressure up to 44 bar and temperatures up to 70°C

Case Study Data


Site
Underground fuel oil line
Location
Brega, Libya
Repair Type
Leak repair
Defect
Small crack in 200mm pipe

Products Used


Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape
Multiple self-fusing silicone repair tapes used for creating a high pressure seal over the crack

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage
Provided an impact resistant protective shell over the initial repair, reinforcing the line

SylWrap Pipe Repair Contractor Case
Contains multiple Wrap & Seals and SylWrap HD Bandages to carry out up to six live leak repairs

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


The town of Brega serves as a major export hub for Libyan oil, being home to one of the five oil terminals operating in the eastern half of Libya. It is also the starting point of the 670 km Brega-Khoms Intisar gas pipeline.

A 200mm fuel oil line required repair after it was found to be leaking underground
Excavation revealed that the pipe was in poor condition

Heavy corrosion had caused a small crack to appear in a 200mm fuel oil line buried underground. Once the pipe had been excavated for inspection, it became clear that it was in terrible condition, badly pitted and covered in escaped oil.

To add to the complexity of the application, the line operated under 44 bar and at temperatures of up to 70°C. Any repair had to be able to withstand these pressure and heat extremes.

Oil leaking from a damaged 200mm fuel pipe line in Brega, Libya
The leak area was a small crack caused by corrosion

Prior to the application, the pipe was cleaned as best as it could be. Oil and dirt was removed and the surface smoothed off to enable a good connection between the line and Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape, which made up the first stage of the repair.

Wrap & Seal is a self-amalgamating silicone repair tape which stretches by 300 percent and fuses to form a solid rubber band over holes and cracks. Multiple tapes can be applied over each other, where they will also fuse together, building repairs with high pressure resistance.

Multiple Wrap & Seal Tapes were used to seal the crack

Once several Wrap & Seals had been used and the team carrying out the repair was satisfied that the leak was suitably sealed, the repair was reinforced using SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage.

SylWrap HD is a composite repair wrap with a water activated resin which sets rock hard in minutes. It provides an impact resistant protective shell to pipes and structures, increasing life span and hoop strength.

200mm fuel oil line in Brega, Libya undergoes leak repair using a Sylmasta Pipe Repair Kit
The line was reinforced using SylWrap HD

Four SylWrap HD Bandages were used to cover the repair area, reinforcing the fuel oil line before it was reburied. Each Bandage cured within 2 to 5 minutes of application.

Both Wrap & Seal and SylWrap HD have a maximum service temperature of 250°C and using multiple products created a repair capable of withstanding the pressure that the line operated under.

Completed repair prior to the line being reburied

It took less than two hours to complete the application, notwithstanding the time to excavate and inspect the pipe. The repair was a cost-effective and less time-consuming alternative to replacing the damaged section, which could have left the line out of operation for a prolonged period.

The maintenance team who carried out the job in Brega have since gone onto use Sylmasta products to make numerous repairs to other oil lines in the region, taking advantage of the ease and convenience offer by the SylWrap range.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com

Posted on

Case Study: Repair of a Cracked Copper Pipe in a Camper Van Boiler System

A copper pipe in a camper van boiler system undergoes repair using Superfast Copper Epoxy Putty and a SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage

Carry on camping – a difficult-to-access copper pipe in a camper van boiler system undergoes repair

A camper van owner manages to repair a crack in a copper pipe located within the van’s boiler system, despite the leak area being extremely difficult to access

Case Study Data


Site
Camper van boiler
Location
United Kingdom
Repair Type
Leak repair
Defect
Crack in a copper pipe

Products Used


Superfast Copper Epoxy Putty Stick
Fast-working epoxy putty pushed into the crack in the copper pipe to seal it

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage
Composite repair wrap applied over Superfast Copper to reinforce the initial repair

SylWrap Standard Pipe Repair Kit
Superfast Epoxy and SylWrap HD are supplied together in the Standard Pipe Repair Kit

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


The boiler system provided heat and hot water to the camper van. A deep crack appeared in a copper pipe located underneath the cover of the boiler, causing a pressurised jet of water to spray out whenever the boiler was turned on.

Problematically, the crack was located at a point where the pipe angled towards the back casing of the boiler. It faced towards the side of the casing with access extremely limited.

The confined space meant that there was no room to fit a pipe repair clamp, nor apply Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape with enough stretch for it to self-amalgamate effectively.

Because the boiler could be turned off, Sylmasta recommended to the camper van owner that they use Superfast Copper Epoxy Putty Stick to plug the crack in the pipe.

Superfast Copper comes in a 114 gram stick format and has a work time of 5 to 10 minutes, enabling rapid repairs to be made to copper and other non-ferrous metals.

Before the application began, the pipe was cleaned and dried to aid the adhesion of the putty to the metalwork. The required amount of putty was cut from the stick and kneaded by hand.

Whilst soft, the putty was pushed into the crack in the copper pipe where it hardened, sealing the hole. Enough putty was used to cover the section of pipe both above and below the crack to improve the chances of success.

To reinforce the putty, the entire section of pipe was then covered with a SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage. SylWrap HD is a composite repair wrap with a water activated resin which sets rock hard in minutes to provide an impact resistant layer of protection.

Typically, SylWrap HD would be wrapped around the pipe. The space constraints meant that this could not be done effectively in this particular application, and so the bandage was cable tied to the pipe whilst it cured.

Once the copper pipe repair was completed, the boiler was turned back on. Water was no longer escaping from the crack, denoting a successful boiler pipe repair and saving a considerable amount of money for the camper van owner compared to the cost of fitting a replacement pipe.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com

Posted on

What is epoxy coating, how does it work and what is it used for?

Liquid Metal epoxy coating applied to refurbish an old and worn red pipe at Sylmasta HQ

Brush up on your knowledge of brushable epoxy


Imagine if you could do something as a simple as paint a pipe, a part or a structure to provide it with a metal layer of armour capable of resisting corrosion, abrasion and chemical attack. Welcome to the world of the epoxy coating.

They say prevention is better than a cure and prevention of degrading surfaces does not come any better than epoxy coating. Within a couple of hours, a smooth, hard surface can be created that repairs existing wear and tear and prevents against future damage.

Here is the Sylmasta guide to epoxy coatings and how they can help you refurbish and extend the lifespan of systems, with potential savings of thousands and thousands of pounds.

What is an epoxy coating?

Epoxy coatings are made up of two separate liquid parts, one containing resin and the other containing hardener.

When these parts are mixed together, a chemical reaction takes place which results in the epoxy coating setting to form a hard wearing, ultra smooth coating.

What are epoxy coatings used for?

Epoxy coatings have two main uses. The first is for protecting and refurbishing structures, pipes, machinery and surfaces by providing them with an ultra-hard outer layer.

New parts which are coated with a brushable epoxy are protected against corrosion, abrasion, chemical attack, pitting, erosion and cavitation.

Old, worn or damaged parts are restored when an epoxy coating is applied via the creation of a new, hard layer which extends the lifespan of parts.

Take this repair made to aluminium extruder barrels in a pug mill putty machine for example. The rough initial finish of the barrels combined with the silica-filled putty causing damage as it was extruded had caused the aluminium to become worn.

This in turn was impacting on the efficiency of the machinery, as putty was being extruded at a reduced rate. Cleaning of the barrels also took longer because of the damage to the surface.

Applying an epoxy coating to the barrels repaired the worn surfaces, protected them from future abrasion caused by the putty and created an ultra-smooth layer for the putty to slide down, improving extrusion rate.

Epoxy coatings are also used for high-strength bonding of materials. Whilst still a liquid, they remain gel-like and sticky, during which components can be bonded to them.

When used in floor repair, ant-slip grit can be added to a floor painted with epoxy coating to create a non-slip surface. In pipe repair applications, an epoxy coating improves adhesion between the pipe and composite repair wrap.

How does an epoxy coating work?

Applying an epoxy coating is as simple as painting a wall. Once the two parts have been mixed to the prescribed ratio, a traditional paintbrush is used to coat the surface requiring protection.

The formulation of the epoxy coating will determine the cure time. Sylmasta epoxy coatings come with a 90 minute gel time, enabling more of the epoxy to be mixed without the threat of premature curing.

This is particularly useful in warmer climates, where heat accelerates the work time, reducing how long is available to carry out an application.

To create a pinhole free coating, it is recommended that two coats are used. The re-coating time is 5-8 hours after applying and a full cure is achieved in 24 hours.

Types of epoxy coating

Epoxy coatings can be filled with different materials to improve their effectiveness for use in specific applications, such as corrosion protection or prevention of abrasive wear.

Liquid Metal Epoxy Coating is metal-filled, setting to provide a layer of metallic armour to pipes, structures, machine parts and surfaces. It is formulated to offer excellent protection against corrosion and chemical attack.

Painting worn and damaged parts with Liquid Metal refurbishes them, extending the lifespan of systems. As well as metalwork, Liquid Metal can be used to give most plastics a metal coating.

For protection against surface wear, it is desirable to have an even harder epoxy coating. Ceramic Brushable Blue is ceramic-filled and reinforced with silicone carbide, enabling it to resist and repair damage caused by abrasion.

Specialist floor and roof repair epoxy coatings provide solutions for both domestic and industrial applications. Epoxy floor coatings provide a new, hard surface for worn concrete floors in garages and factories.

Roof repair paint is applied to roofs of all materials to protect them from damage, repair worn areas and seal existing leaks. There are even translucent roof repair epoxy coatings for use on glass and transparent plastics.

Sylmasta Epoxy Coatings

If you have any question about which product is most suitable for your repair or require technical assistance, then please contact Sylmasta via email or on +44 (0)1444 831459 and a technician will be happy to advise you.

Epoxy coating applications


Posted on

Case Study: Bahrain International Airport Repair of Leaking Step Joint on 100mm UPVC Pipe

A leaking 100mm UPVC pipe at Bahrain International Airport undergoes a live leak repair using a SylWrap Pipe Repair Contractor Case

Flying high – the live leak repair of a 100mm UPVC pipe step joint which kept a system operational at Bahrain International Airport

When a 100mm UPVC pipe which was part of an important system at Bahrain International Airport began leaking from a step joint, a quick-and-easy live leak repair method was required as shutting down the line was not an option.

Case Study Data


Site
Airport
Location
Bahrain
Repair Type
Live leak repair
Defect
Leaking step joint on a 100mm UPVC plastic pipe

Products Used


Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape
Self-amalgamating silicone repair tape which sealed up and over the leaking step joint

SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage
Applied over the sealed step joint to reinforce the repair by providing a rock hard, impact resistant layer

SylWrap Pipe Repair Contractor Case
Products were supplied as part of a Contractor Case, capable of making up to six live leak repairs

Case Study PDF


Case Study Details


UPVC is a strong and versatile pipe material which is assembled using a solvent cement to bond pieces together. Sometimes, these bonds can loosen and begin leaking, which is what happened to the 100mm pipe at Bahrain Airport.

The leak in question was through a step joint connecting two sections of pipe together. The pipe could not be shut off for a repair because of the importance of the airport system it supported.

This meant that the normal method Sylmasta recommend to clients for sealing a leaking step – by using a Superfast Epoxy Putty Stick to plug the gaps between the joint and the pipe – would not be effective because the pipe was wet.

The airport therefore had to use Wrap & Seal Pipe Burst Tape as their sealing material. Wrap & Seal is a self-amalgamating silicone repair tape which stretches by 300 percent, fusing to form a solid rubber band over leak areas.

Using Wrap & Seal on a step is not as straightforward as wrapping a straight section of pipe. To create a repair capable of sealing the step between the 100mm UPVC pipe and the sleeve, the maintenance team carrying out the application began wrapping approximately 100mm away from the joint.

After approaching the sleeve by overlapping the Tape by 50 percent, they then built up layers of Wrap & Seal immediately next to the joint. This created a ridge. When this ridge reached near-level height with the step, the application of the Tape continued for a further 50mm across the step joint to fully encompass it.

Two 50mm x 4m Wrap & Seals were required before it was established that water had stopped escaping the joint and the leak was fully sealed. The repair was then completed by applying a SylWrap HD Pipe Repair Bandage over the Tape.

SylWrap HD is a composite repair wrap with a water activated resin which sets rock hard in minutes. The Bandage was wrapped around the pipe and smoothed down using water poured onto the pipe from a bottle. It cured to provide an impact resistant, protective shell.

The entire repair was carried out in less than 30 minutes whilst the pipe remained in operation. The two Wrap & Seal Tapes and SylWrap HD Bandage were supplied to the maintenance team as part of a SYL-PRO-633 Pipe Repair Contractor Case.

A Contractor Case contains enough products to make up to six live leak repairs on pipes of all types and diameters. The Case is easy-to-store on site and transport, ensuring that everything needed to fix a leaking pipe is close to hand and enabling repairs to be made as soon as problems are identified.

Following the success of the 100mm UPVC pipe repair, the maintenance team have since gone onto use Contractor Cases at the Airport to fix 150mm and 200mm pipes suffering from similar problems.

If you have an application you would like to enquire about, then please get in touch

Call: +44 (0)1444 831 459
Email: sales@sylmasta.com